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CoBaLTT Participants

Principles of CBI: Reading 1

Read the following online article and then use the Characteristics and Continuum activities to assess your comprehension (listed in the navigation column to the left).  

Met, M. (1999) Content-Based Instruction: Defining Terms, Making Decisions. The National Foreign Language Center, Washington, D.C.




Additional Readings

The following readings will give you more information on this module topic.

Adamson, H. D. (1993). Academic competence: Theory and classroom practice: Preparing ESL students for content courses. Longman Publishing Group.

Brinton, D., Snow, M. A., & Wesche, M. B. (1989). Content-based second language instruction. Boston: Heinle & Heinle Publishers.

Chamot, A. U., & O'Malley, J. M. (1994). The CALLA handbook: Implementing the cognitive academic language learning approach. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.

Genesee, F. (1994). Integrating Language and Content: Lessons from Immersion. Educational Practice Reports. No. 11. National Center for Research on Cultural Diversity and Second Language Learning. Washington, D.C.: Center for Applied Linguistics. (

Met, M. (1991). Learning Language through Content: Learning Content through Language. Foreign Language Annals, 24(4), 281-295.

Short, D. J. (1991). How to integrate language and content instruction: A training manual. Washington, D. C.: Center for Applied Linguistics.

Snow, M. A., Met, M., & Genesee, F. (1989). A conceptual framework for the integration of language and content in second/foreign language instruction. TESOL Quarterly, 23 (2), 201-217.

Stryker, S. B. & B. L. Leaver (Eds.). (1997). Content-based instruction in foreign language education: Models and methods. Washington, D. C.: Georgetown University Press.

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