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Exercise 2: Cross-Cultural Comparison of Apologies


Now listen to another apology situation in an informal context between two friends. After you listen, you will be asked to compare the apologies with those you heard in Exercise 1.

You will hear two close friends talking. One spills her juice accidentally on the other's T-shirt on the table.


Click Below to Listen

1. What are the Japanese expressions used in the dialogue? List all of them below.


2. What are the similarities and differences between apologies in Exercises 1 and 2? How would you account for the differences?


3. Your (renewed) hypothesis or question about Japanese apologies:

Read Sample Dialogue Transcript


Your section (if applicable)/Your last name, Your first name:
Example: (in a box) 010/Smith, John

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