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Exercise 5: Refusals



Situation 2: Dialogue 1


The parts in red are the core refusal expressions.  The parts in blue are other important supporting strategies.



友達A: あ、ねえ、ねえ。  A, nee, nee.  Hey,’


友達B: うん。  Un.  ‘Yeah?’


友達A: あの、この前ちょっと授業休んじゃったんだけど、あの国際関係論の、あの 先週のクラス。あれ、ちょっとノート貸してくれない?  Ano, kono mae chotto jugyou yasunjattanda kedo, ano kokusai kankeironno, ano senshuuno kurasu.  Are, chotto nouto kashite kurenai?  ‘I missed a class, the international relations class last week.  Could you lend me your notes?’


友達B: また?  Mata?  ‘Again?’


友達A: うん。  Un.  ‘Yeah.’


友達B: あれ、でも、ディスカッションベースのクラスだからさ、役に立たないと思うよ、ノート見たって。  Are, demo, disukasshon beesuno kurasu dakarasa, yakuni tatanaiyo nouto mitatte.  ‘But it’s a discussion-based class, so I don’t think looking at notes helps.’  [Providing a reason for the refusal]


友達A: そうかなー。でも結構やっぱね、内容何にもわかってないとちょっと不安なんだよね。  Soukanaa.  Demo kekkou yapparine, naiyou nanimo wakatte naito chotto fuan nandayone.  ‘You don’t think so?  But I don’t understand what’s going on and that makes me nervous.’


友達B: そりゃそうだけど、いつも私に借りてばっかりじゃない?  Sorya souda kedo, itsumo watahini karite bakkarijanai?   ‘I’m sure you are right (about that nervousness), but you always borrow my notes.’  [Providing a reason for the refusal]


友達A: だってノートすごいきれいにとってあるんだもん。  Datte nouto sugoi kireini totte arundamon.  ‘But you take such neat notes.’


友達B: またそんなこと言って。  Mata sonnakoto itte.  ‘You’re just saying that.’


友達A: だめかなあ。  Damekanaa.  ‘Could you please?’


友達B: だめ。  Dame.  ‘No.’  [Making the refusal statement]


友達A: だめ?  Dame?  ‘No?’


友達B: うん、ちょっとあんたね、英語下手なんだからさ、そう、


Un, chotto antane, eigo hetananda karasa, sou, kurasuni dete chotto benkyou shitahouga iinja naino?  ‘No.  And  you are not that great at English, so why don’t you come to class to study a bit?’  [Offering an alternative]


友達A: そっか?やっぱだめかな?  Sokka?  Yappa damekana?  ‘Really?  You aren’t at all willing (to lend me your notes)?’


友達B: うん、だめだめ。クラス来なさいよ。  Un, dame dame.  Kurasu kinasaiyo.  ‘No, no, no, no.  [Making the refusal statement]

Come to class.’  [Offering an alternative]


友達A: しょうがないか。  Shouga naika.  ‘No other options?’


友達B: うん。  Un.  ‘No.’


友達A: うん、わかった。  Un, wakatta.  ‘Okay, I understand.’


友達B: じゃあね。  Jaane.  ‘See you.’


友達A: うん。  Un.  ‘See you.’

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