Communicative and Academic Functions
From the POLIA Handbook, p. 65
We have adapted Mary Finocchiaro's functional categories for our purposes (Finocchiaro & Brumfit, 1983, pp. 65-66). These fall under five major categories: personal , interpersonal, directive, referential and imaginative. Specific examples of functions under each category appear below (note that not all possibilities are included; instead, an array of functions is listed to exemplify each category). Academic functions have been adapted from Chamot & O’Malley (1994) and O’Malley & Pierce (1996).