References consulted in creating this module:

Bolívar, A. (2002). Los reclamos como actos de habla en el español de Venezuela. In Placencia, M. E. & Bravo, D. (Eds.), Actos de habla y cortesía en español (pp. 37-53). Munich, Germany: LINCOM Europa.

Cordella, M. (1996). Confrontational style in Spanish arguments: Pragmatics and teaching outlook. Language, Culture and Curriculum, 9, 148-62.

Edstrom, A. (2004). Expressions of disagreement by Venezuelans in conversation: Reconsidering the influence of culture. Journal of Pragmatics, 36, 1499-518.

Forbes, K. & Cordella, M. (1999). The role of gender in Chilean argumentative discourse. IRAL, 37, 277-89.

García, C. (1996). Reprimanding and responding to a reprimand: A case study of Peruvian Spanish speakers. Journal of Pragmatics, 26, 663-97.

García, C. (2004a). Coercion and cooperation. In Márquez Reiter, R. & Placencia, M. E. (Eds.), Current Trends in the Pragmatics of Spanish (pp. 231-64). Amsterdam, Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing.

García, C. (2004b). Reprendiendo y respondiendo a una reprimenda. Spanish in Context, 1, 113-47.

Hernández-Flores, N. (1999). Politeness ideology in Spanish colloquial conversation: The case of advice. Pragmatics, 9, 37-49.

Koike, D. (1994). Negation in Spanish and English suggestions and requests: Mitigating effects? Journal of Pragmatics, 21, 513-26.

Koike, D. (1996). Transfer of pragmatic competence and suggestions in Spanish foreign language learning. In S. Gass & J. Neu (Eds.) Speech Acts Across Cultures: Challenges to Communication in a Second Language (pp. 257-281). Berlin: Mounton de Gruyter.

Martinell-Gifre, E. (1992). Preguntas que no preguntan. E.L.U.A., 8, 25-35.

Stewart, M. (2004). Written pedagogic feedback and linguistic politeness. In Márquez Reiter, R. & Placencia, M. E. (Eds.), Current Trends in the Pragmatics of Spanish (pp. 99-120). Amsterdam, Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing.

CLICK HERE to access the CARLA annotated bibliography of pragmatics research and speech acts.