The Virtual Picture Album -- Korea

The grid below is an annotated index to part of the Virtual Picture Album compiled and distributed by the Less Commonly Taught Languages Project at the University of Minnesota. The pictures in this section of the VPA are of people, places, and objects in the Republic of Korea. Each of the pictures is represented by a thumbnail-sized image in the grid, and is accompanied by:

There are also suggestions for ways to use certain pairs or groups of pictures.

Due to the number of pictures in this section, the VPA index for Korea is divided into five parts.

Part 1 Daily Life: Shopping, Food, Transportation
Part 2 Korea Today: People, Education, Recreation

Part 3

Korea Yesterday: Culture, Tradition
Part 4 Historic Remains
Part 5 Geography: Landscape, Scenery


To view or download a full-sized picture from the VPA, click on its thumbnail representation below.




Part 3. Korea Yesterday: Culture, Tradition

Photo (Thumbnail)
Vocabulary Items
Grammar Points
Changsung Totem pole, Ch'onha Taejanggun (Great general Under Heaven), Chiha Taejanggun (Great Underground general), Chiha Yojanggun (Underground Female General), guardian Description
Korean folk customs Sonangdang, trees, pavilion, auspicious stones, animism, trees, color, fabric, to hang Descriptions, color
Flat bench, thatched roof Gazebo, to rest, wooden floor, to sit on, passengers, thatched roof Descriptions
Rural house Kiwa (tiles), roof, bush, to surround, trees, windows, door, to hang washed clothes, clothes pins, clothes lines, towels, socks Description, comparisons
Korean Folk Village in Yongin Folk village, hanbok, to sweep, broomsticks, dirt, road, thatched cottage, bush, trees, brown, green Description, progressive tense, past tense
Traditional tea house in Korean Folk Village, traditional tea Tea, tea house, old house, to drink tea, to order beverage, lanterns, traditional beverage Description ~o/a issoyo
Paper-covered lattice doors and windows Lattice doors, windows, window paper, wooden floor (planked porch), door-rings Descriptions
Farmer making winnows Winnow, to toss harvested grains, to carry off chaff, heavy kernels, wings, belly, inward, outward, up, down, farmer, to make, to display Descriptions, present progressive tense, motion verbs
Farmer making bamboo blinds Blind, to cut, to make, bamboo, farmer, hanbok, sangtu (traditional hairdo for men), to sit on, the wooden floor (planked porch) Description, past tense
A-frame back rack & agricultural appliances Chige (A-frame back rack), agriculture, appliances, to hang up, mud walls, to carry Description
A-frame back rack carrier in the market Chige (A-frame back rack), to carry, carrier, market Description V1-ko V2
Water-carrying yoke Water buckets,  water-carrying yoke, to carry water buckets, earthenware vessels, A-frame carrier, straw, sheaves of straw, mud walls, front, next to, right, left Locatives, descriptions
Storage room in rural house Wooden door, water, earthenware vessels, mud walls, to hang up, kitchen utensils, broom, gourd dipper, to scoop/dip (with a gourd), winnow, wooden fishing basket, to store, storage room Locatives, descriptions
Traditional kitchen Wooden door, iron kettle, fire hole, firewood, mud walls, garlic, to hang, to cook, broom Descriptions, locatives
Smoothing clothes Round clubs for pounding cloth, to smoothen wrinkles, to pound cloth, fulling block of stone, housewife, wooden floor, to sit on, hanbok Descriptions, locatives
Spinning cotton into yarn Woman's quarter in the house, comforters, chest, to spin, to make yarn Descriptions, locatives, present progressive, motion verbs
Backyard of traditional house Changtokdae (condiments bay), earthen vessels, seasoning, salt, soy sauce, salt, red pepper paste, yellow bean paste, fermentation, flat bench Descriptions, locatives
Water fountain Water fountain, earthenware vessels, water buckets, fountain site Descriptions, locatives
Desiccating area in the traditional rural house To dry, red peppers, garlic, meju (fermented soybean cakes), fish, thatched roof, earthenware vessels, vegetables, bakuni (wicker basket) Descriptions, locatives
Vegetable garden in the traditional rural house Vegetables, garden, mallow, crown daisy, wooden signs, thached houses, walls Descriptions, locatives
Medical herbs Ginseng, to grow, green, soil Descriptions, locatives
Dried Ginseng in the Kumsan ginseng market Ginseng, white ginseng, red ginseng, ginseng market, to buy, medical herb Descriptions
Traditional wedding ceremony Bride, bridegroom, marquee, wedding table, to bow upon one's knees, to exchange bows, bamboo floor mats Descriptions, motion verbs
Traditional wedding: bridegroom wearing traditional wedding garments Bridegroom, marquee, wedding table, to stand Descriptions
Traditional wedding: bride preparing a bow Hanbok, bride, bride's wedding garments, wedding table , to bow Descriptions, present progressive tense
Wedding table Pine, bamboo, braches, hen, cock, live, candle stand, blue and red thread, rice, apple, pear, chestnut, red bean Descriptions
Nolttwigi (Korean see-saw) Traditional, folk game, board, jump, women, holiday Descriptions, motion verb
Farmers' band Performance, farmer's band, festivals, musical instruments, to watch, rhythm, percussion instruments, performers Descriptions
Farmers' band: at a town's festival Festival, communal activity, celebratory, participants, to watch, to enjoy Descriptions
Flying kites at the town's festival To fly, kites, participants, people, park, apartments Descriptions
Yut; A traditional board game Yut board, to toss, sticks, game, traditional holidays Descriptions
Tuho; traditional games To throw, wooden sticks, game, to compete, participants, children, to count Descriptions
Crafts; Pyrography (Nakhwa) Designs, letters, wood, pyrography, to display, wood, to hang Descriptions
Pyrography (Nakhwa) Heated irons, designs, animals, lines, pyrographer, to decorate Present progressive tense, descriptions
National Museum of Korea in Seoul Museum, entrance, historic artifacts, to view, viewers, displays, stairs, to buy tickets, admission Descriptions, narrating past events
Insa-dong in Seoul Tourism, antique stores, main gate, wood, directions Descriptions
Antique shop; traditional masks, crafts Masks, crafts, to buy/sell, store, clerks, customers Description, number, counting
Crafts; shopping Crafts, to buy/sell, store, clerks, customers, number, money Description, number, counting
King Sejong; Hangul King, Korean language, to invent, Korean alphabet, Chosun Dynasty Descriptions, past tense
Sokkatap Pagoda in Pulkuksa Temple Pagoda, stone, legend, Asadal and Asanyo, mason, Muyongtap (Pagoda Without Reflection) Descriptions
T'aptori ritual; Buddhism T'aptori, to circle pagoda, to pray, to chant sutras, Buddhists, Buddhism Descriptions
Traditional food; rice cake shop Ttok (rice cake), steamed rice, beans, to display, to buy/sell, to make, to watch Descriptions
Rice cake shop in Chongno street, Seoul Stores, sings, to read, to buy/sell, to count, to ask, prices Descriptions, counting, number



A-frame back rack
Agricultural appliances
Antique shop; traditional masks
Backyard of traditional house
Carrier in the market
Crafts; Pyrography (Nakhwa)
Desiccating area in the traditional rural house
Dried Ginseng in the Kumsan ginseng market
Farmer making bamboo blinds
Farmer making winnows
Farmer's band
Flying kites at the town's festival
Gazebo, thatched roof
Insa-dong in Seoul
King Sejong; Hangul
Korean Folk Village in Yongin
Korean Ginseng garden
National Museum of Korea in Seoul
Nolttwigi (Korean see-saw)
Paper-covered lattice doors and windows
Pyrography (Nakhwa)
Rice cake shop in Chongno street, Seoul
Rural house
Smoothing clothes
Sokkatap Pagoda in Pulkuksa Temple
Spinning cotton into yarn
Storage room in rural house
Traditional food; rice cake shop
Traditional games
Traditional kitchen in the traditional rural house
Traditional Tea House
Traditional wedding ceremony
Vegetable garden in the traditional rural house
Village rites
Water fountain
Water-carrying yoke
Wedding table


Description ~o/a issoyo
Description V1-ko V2
Motion verbs
Narrating past events
Past tense
Present progressive tense
Present tense
















Grouping Suggestions

  1. Shopping: department store
  2. Shopping: traditional market
  3. Foods on street
  4. Korean restaurants and food
  5. Public transportation: Airport
  6. Public trasportation: Subway
  7. Public trasportation: Railroad station
  8. Seoul
  9. Pusan, Inchon
  10. Schools and students
  11. Entertainment: Noraebang, Internet cafe, Nightclub
  12. Korean traditional constructions
  13. Natural scenery in Korea
  14. Traditional lives of Korea
  15. Folk games
  16. Traditional arts


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